What is arthritis?
Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. The word arthritis comes from the Greek arthron meaning “joint” and the Latin itis meaning “inflammation”. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis which can occur in one joint or numerous joints at once in your body. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
What causes arthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis primarily associated with aging. Normal wear and tear erode healthy cartilage over time. An infection or injury to the joints can also exacerbate this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue.
Cartilage is rubber-like padding that protects the ends of the bones at a joint and helps them to slide easily against one another during motion. When cartilage is damaged, the bony surfaces of a joint aren’t able to move freely. This often results in pain and stiffness in the affected joint.
Another common form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, is an autoimmune disorder where your body’s own immune system attacks your tissues. These attacks affect the synovium, a soft tissue in your joints that produces a fluid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints. It can eventually lead to the destruction of both bone and cartilage inside the joint.
What is the treatment for arthritis?
Depending on the cause, location, and severity of your arthritis, the Restore team may recommend:
- Lifestyle changes, such as weight loss, to take stress off your joints, exercise to strengthen the muscles supporting your joints, and a healthy diet that helps nourish your joint structures
- Stem cell therapy or Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injections to stimulate your body’s natural regenerative process and relieve pain without surgery
- Surgical treatment to relieve your pain and improve joint function